1804 - 1824b and 1825 - 1835c

for Terrills of various spellings

By Nancy Tyrrel Theodore, March 2012

Pioneer settlers, including Terrills, migrated to Western New York in the early 1800s as the land was offered for settlement by the Holland Land Companya, who was the purchaser of the western two-thirds of western New York comprising nearly 3.3 million acres west of the Genesee River.b-c

Map of Western New York State Holland Purchase
c. 1824-1840 as Wyoming County hadn't yet been set apart from Genesee County

Originally Genesee County, which was formed in 1802 from Ontario County, comprised virtually all of Western New York and was divided into only four "Shires" or towns; Batavia, Northampton, Southampton, and Leicester. Gradually, parcels of land were taken from Genesee County to form other counties; Allegany (1806), Cattaraugus (1808), Chautauqua (1808), Niagara (1808), part of Livingston (1821), part of Monroe (1821), Erie (1821 from Niagara), Orleans (1824) and Wyoming (1841). What was left is the present Genesee County.d [Those interested in a more in-depth study of the history of the land development of Western New York could consult Pioneer History of the Purchase of Western, NY, by Orsamus Turner, Jewett, Thomas & Co., Buffalo, 1849.]

Living conditions for the earliest pioneers were rude; notched log cabins usually fifteen to eighteen feet square and seven feet high. Not infrequently this living space also accommodated a workshop and a spinning wheel. Clearing the land and planting was a Herculean task, as was harvesting. Blacksmiths were numerous as everything was either "manufactured" by hand or at the local smithy. Wild animals were numerous, especially bears and wolves. Since wolves threatened the farmers sheep, they were singled out at the first meeting of the Genesee county board of supervisors in 1805 for a bounty of five dollars for the scalp and ears.e

As soon as enough children were gathered in an area, a crude one-room school house was built for reading, writing, and arithmetic exercises, and "spare the rod, and you spoil the child" was the rule, reminiscent of the Puritan roots of the mostly New England settlers. Declaration of the war of 1812 put a damper on progress, however, along with new emigration into the sparsely settled Western New York counties, some of which were on the fringes of the fighting. More people left than came to settle, some packing up whatever they could to travel to a safer abode. Other men volunteered to serve and companies of infantry and cavalry were raised and went forward leaving behind family and livelihoods. Loss of life by battle and sickness was great. For those left on the homesteads, the "British and Indians are coming" scares meant many of those who stayed, especially the women and children, had to flee on foot, sometimes wading through snow. Entire backwoods neighborhoods were deserted. The war finally ended in 1815 and the tide of emigration again set out for Western New York country, and slowly living conditions improved.e

This interruption of their lives left many early settlers with a debt for their lands that weighed heavily on them. There were delinquencies, and many homesteads were abandoned. Others renegotiated their land contracts, or made small regular payments. For all of these reasons, identifying the settlers of these land transactions is problematic. Where the writer is sure of the identification of the pioneer, more information has been given. However, other buyers didn't leave enough tracks to properly identify them, or made a purchase for investment purposes only. Wherever possible, clues are given to aid future researchers in identification.

The records of the Holland Land Company have been microfilmed onto reels, and from this record the name, date, and location of the invoiced purchases have been indexed and published.b-c If you want to consult the original film record, you can order the film from the LDS Family History Library. The LDS film reference number is given for each entry. The Township, Range and County in bold is the location of the land as of 1849, not as of the date of purchase. Following are the purchases made by Terrills of various spellings.

ALAMATH TERRELL, page 345c, dated 8 October 1831 (Reel 509. Inv. No. 0038, LDS #1414986). Lots 3 and 5, Section 6, Township 10, Range 3, Wyoming County, Bennington. Modified contract>.

There is a "coincidence of names" on the 1840 U. S. Census for Norton, Summit County, OH (Ancestry). On the same census page are David Turrill with males ages 20-30, and 60 to 70; Ira Turrill with the eldest male age 30-40; Alneth or Aleuth Turrill with a male age 20-30, females age 20-30 and 30-40; and Era Turrill with the eldest male age 30-40. It's not known if Alamath is male or female, although traditionally Alamath is a male name. However, a David, Ira and Alneth in a group, all of whom purchased land in Wyoming County, NY in October of 1831, drew the writers attention. Thus, it's possible that these three also descend from the Thomas2 line as does NATHAN C. TERRELL below who has same land description as Alamath with different lot numbers. No inference is meant by this reference, just a possible clue.

AMOS TYREL/TYRELL, page 151b, purchased 20 June 1816 (Reel 494, Inv. No. 0008, LDS #1414984). Lots 1 and 3, Section 1, Township 12, Range 5, Erie County, Newstead. Original transaction~. Page 266c, dated 20 June 1816 (Reel 508, Inv. No. 0022, LDS #1414986). Same description, reversion of the contract<.

Amos Tyrel was a veteran of the Revolutionary War and lived in Hebron, Washington County, NY until the purchase of this land. His RW Pension Application Records, B.L. Wd. 821-160-55 (Ancestry) contain a letter outlining his movements, i.e., "Washington Co., NY, later Newstead, Erie Co., NY and about 1823 moved to Darien, Genesee Co., NY." On the 1810 U. S. Census for Hebron, Washington County, NY (Ancestry), we find Amos Tyrrell age 26 through 44, with Samuel Tyrrell in the following household. By 1820, Amos should have been in Newstead where his land purchase is located, but he doesn't appear on this census. Newstead bordered Genesee County and the town of Pembroke. Darien was created from southern part of Pembroke in 1832. Thus, we find on the 1830 U.S. census for Pembroke, Genesee County, NY (Ancestry), Amos Tyrell, age 70 to 80. On the 1840 U.S. census for Darien, Genesee County, NY (Ancestry), in the Amos Tyrill, Jr. household are a male 40-50 likely Amos, Jr., and a male 80-90 who is likely the senior Amos. After the death of Amos, his widow Rachel applied for bounty land. In her application letter she states her maiden name as Rachel Bolton, and that she and Amos were married 3 March 1790 in Hebron, Washington County, NY; and that Amos died at Darien in Genesee County on 6 October 1840. Other information says he is the brother of Samuel, and lists the children of Amos and Rachel as Lydia, Rachel, Cyrus (see below), Lovisa and Amos. On the 1850 U. S. Census (Ancestry), Rachel is living in the household of son Amos at Darien. Amos5 (Ezra4-3, Roger2-1)f and Rachel are buried at Evergreen Hill Cemetery, Corfu, Genesee County, NY, and the tombstone for Amos shows 1 July 1760 - 6 October 1840.

CYRUS TYREL/TYRELL, page 59c, dated 15 December 1827 (Reel 505, Inv. No. 0003, LDS #1414985). Lot 18, no Section, Township 11, Range 4, Genesee County, Darien. Modified contract.> Page 185c (Reel 507, Inv. No. 0004, LDS #1414986), and page 585c (Reel, 512, Inv. No. 0111, LDS #1414987), both dated 19 November 1829 for Lot 7, same Township and Range, with a reversion< and a modified sale>. Page 417c, dated 30 August 1832 (Reel 510, Inv. No. 0013, LDS #1414986), also Lot 7, same Township and Range, subsequent payment.

This is undoubtedly the son of AMOS TYREL above. In 1816 we find a Cyrus Tyrrel with a charge for goods at the store of a merchant in Erie County outside of Buffalo (Ancestry). On the 1810 census for Amos, above, there is 1 male under 10, and 2 males 10-15. Assuming that in Rachel's Tyrel's application for a widow pension she named her children in birth order, then Cyrus was probably a male 10-15, meaning he was b. c. 1795-1800. There is a Cyrus Tyrrell, age 40-49, on the 1840 U. S. Census for Maumee, Lucas County, OH (Ancestry). This could be this Cyrus, or just a coincidence of names. Found nothing further.

DAVID TERRELL, page 4b, purchased 3 March 1805, (Reel 484, Inv. No. 00*3, LDS #1414983). Lot 6, Section 7, Township 10, Range 1, Wyoming County, Middlebury. Original transaction~. (Some Wyoming histories refer to David as Daniel, a common transcription error. However, Holland Land and census records show David.)

Wyoming wasn't formed until 1841 from Genesee county, so David Terrel appears in Warsaw, Genesee County on the 1810 U.S. Census (Ancestry), age 26 thru 44 with three males under 10. Middlebury was formed from Warsaw in 1812, so David Terrell appears on the 1820 U. S. Census (Ancestry) in Middlebury, Genesee County, age 26 thru 44; and, as David Terrel (Ferrel in index) in Middlebury on the 1830 U. S. Census (Ancestry), age 40 to 50. If all ages are listed correctly, David was born c. 1780-1784. Three lines down from David on the 1830 census is a John Terrell age 50-60 with a female age 50-60. David doesn't appear on the 1840 U.S. Census in Middlebury or Genesee County. See ESTER ANN TYRRELL above and JOHN TERRILL below.

DAVID TERRELL, Page 355c, purchased 24 October 1831 (Reel 509, Inv. No. 0059, LDS #1414986) Lot 64, no Section, Township 7, Range 2, Wyoming County, Eagle. Original transaction~. This is identical to the purchase made on the same date by IRA TURRELL below. See ALAMATH TERRELL above for a possible clue.

EBENEZER TURRILL, page 4b, purchased 12 September 1805 (Reel 484, Inv. No. 0*3a*, LDS #1414983). Lot 5, no Section, Township 9, Range 2, Wyoming County, Orangeville. Original transaction~. Page 14b, 29 March 1806 (Reel 484, Inv. No. #31a*, LDS #1414983), same description, subsequent payment. Page 148b, 12 September 1805 (Reel 493, Inv. No. 0138, LDS #1414984), same description.^ Page 148b, 13 September 1815 (Reel 493, Inv. No. 0139, LDS #1414984), renewed. Page 269b, 13 September 1815 (Reel 499 Inv. No. 007, LDS #1414985), same description.^ Page 105 (2)c, 12 September 1805 (Reel 505, Inv. No. 0172, LDS #1414985), and 13 September 1815 (Reel 505, Inv. No. 0173, LDS #1414985), same description, adjustments in acres, prices, or a resurvey.

Page 46b (2), purchased 25 December 1810 (Reel 488, Inv. No. 0033, LDS #1414984). Lots 6 and 7, no Section, Township 8, Range 2, Wyoming County, Weathersfield. Original transaction~. Page 248b (2), also on 25 December 1810, (Reel 498 Inv. No. 0055, LDS #1414985) same description.^

On the 1810 U.S. Census (Ancestry) for Sheldon, Genesee County, NY (later Wyoming County) we find Ebenezer Terrel, age 26 to 44 with four males under ten. On this census page, the names read: Daniel Kelly, Elisha Doty, Ebenezer Terrel. Holland land records show that Daniel Kelly bought lot 4, and Elisha Doty bought lot 12 in Township 9, Range 2, or near Ebenezer. In the History of Wyoming County, NYe for the town of Sheldon, it says the whole town was deeded by the Holland Land Company in 1804, and later became Orangeville, and that Weathersfield was taken from Orangeville. Ebenezer appears in this history as a founding settler of Orangeville along with Elisha Doty and Daniel Kelly. In the chapter on Weathersfield in the Wyoming County historye, it says that Holland Land Company records show no sales for this land until 1809, and that among the first to obtain land there was Ebenezer Tyrrell.

Before 1820 Ebenezer relocated to Canada. In 1818 he witnessed a lease in Yarmouth Township, Elgin County, Ontario, Canada (see page 520-21). Ebenezer is shown on the 1842 Canadian census (page 2, line 71) in Yarmouth Township. Ebenezer and Hannah are buried at the pioneer Seminary Cemetery in Yarmouth (No. 132): Ebenezer Turrill/ died Mar. 8, 1845/ aged 70 yrs./ & 3 m./ also/ his wife/ Hannah/ died/ Feb. 16, 1846/ aged 68 yrs./ & 6 m.

This is the Ebenezer6 (Ebenezer5, Capt. James4, Daniel3-2, Roger1) who was born 3 December 1774 at Lenox, Massachusetts.g He moved to Shoreham, Addison County, VT in 1786 with his father. He married for his first wife, Sarah Boyce, on 18 August 1796, and for his second wife, Hannah. He moved the family to New York State where he served as Captain in the War of 1812 in Adam's Regiment of volunteers. After the war he moved his family to Canada and settled in Yarmouth Township.h

ESTER ANN TYRRELL, page 568c, dated 29 December 1834 (Reel 512, Inv. No. 0073, LDS #1414987), for Lot 5, Section 7, Township 10, Range 1, Wyoming County, Middlebury. Subsequent payment. This is probably the widow of JOHN TERRILL, below. DAVID TERRELL of Middlebury above purchased Lot 6 in the same Section, probably a close relative of John and Ester Ann.

GIDEON TYRRELL, page 269c, dated 22 January 1830 (Reel 508, Inv. No. 0029, LDS #1414986), for Lot 38, no Section, Township 8, Range 1, Wyoming County, Gainesville Township. Modified agreement.> Page 343c, dated 4 July 1831 (Reel 509, Inv. No. 0032, LDS #1414986), same description, also a modified agreement.> Page 480c, dated 23 December 1833 (Reel 511, Inv. No. 0044, LDS #1414986), same description, subsequent payment.

On the 1830 U.S. Census for Gainesville, Genesee County, NY, is Gideon Tyrrel (Ancestry, "Fynal" in index), age 30-40. We find Gideon Tyrrell (age 40-49) is on the 1840 U.S. Census for Attica, Wyoming County, NY (Ancestry, "Tyrsel" in the index) with his family. On the 1850 U. S. Census for Attica, (Ancestry), we find Gideon Tyrrel, age 62, born in Massachusetts, with the occupation of "Inn Keeper." His wife is Sally, age 60, also born in Massachusetts. On the 1860 U. S. Census for Machias, Cattaraugus County, NY, Gideon Tyrel (Ancestry, indexed as "Trel"), is age 71, born in Massachusetts, and wife Sally, age 69, also born in Massachusetts. Gideon's occupation is "Post Master." In a history of Wyoming Countyi, it says that Gideon Tyrell operated a tavern for a while in Attica until he sold out in 1859, which must have been when he and Sally removed to Cattaraugus County. There is a Gideon Tirrell as head of household on the 1820 U.S. Census for Hull, Plymouth County, Massachusetts (Ancestry), with a male 26-45 (Gideon?) and a male 45 plus (Gideon's father?) It is theorized that this may be the same Gideon since Gideon is a rather uncommon first name, except for a line of Gideon Tirrells in Plymouth who descend from William Therrell/Tirrell, a founding settler in Massachusetts.j

HEZEKIAH TERRELL, page 43c, purchased 15 May 1826 (Reel 504, Inv. No. 0037, LDS #1414985), for Lot 36, no Section, Township 5, Range 4, Cattaraugus County, Farmersville Township. Original transaction~. Nothing definitive found.

HIRAM TERRILL/TYRRELL, page 255c, dated 5 September 1829 (Reel 504, Inv. No. 0184, LDS #1414985), and page 648c (Reel 513, Inv. No. 0103, LDS #1414987), for Lot 6, located in the 40,000 Acre Tract**, Livingston County. This land was evidently jointly owned with his father, ZALMON, (below) who reverted,< and Hiram also reverted,< and then only Hiram modified > the agreement.

Hiram6 (Zalmon5 Capt. George Jr.4, George3, Daniel2, Roger1) was born 21 January 1801, at Shepard Settlement, Marcellus, Onondaga County, NY to Zalmon and Betty (Shepard) Terrill; and died 21 January 1865 at Wright, Hillsdale County, MI. He married at Genesee County, NY Roxana Sweat, who was born 13 September 1798. Hiram and Roxana became estranged around 1818-1820, after having seven or eight children and finally separated although Hiram continued to live in the neighborhood until about 1828-1829k, which may have precipitated the reversion and modified land agreement.

IRA TURRELL, page 355c, purchased 24 October 1831 (Reel 509, Inv. No. 0059, LDS #1414986), Lot 64, no Section, Township 7, Range 2, Wyoming County, Eagle Township. Original transaction~. This is identical to the purchase made on the same date by DAVID TERRELL of Eagle Township above. See ALAMATH TERRELL above for possible connections.

JOEL TIRREL (TERRIL), page 9b, purchased 24 August 1805 (Reel 484, Inv. No. 0#4b*, LDS #1414983), Lot 10, Section 4, Township 12, Range 2, Genesee County, Batavia. Original transaction~. Page 134b, dated 1 June 1815 (Reel 493, Inv. No. 0067, LDS #1414984) same description, subsequent payment. In 1810, Joel Terrell was living in Genesee County, no Township (Ancestry), age 26-44.

JOHN TERRILL, page 591c (Reel No. 512, Inv. No. 0122, LDS #1414987), and page 126c (Reel No. 506, Inv. No. 0066, LDS #1414985), are both dated 25 March 1828, for a reversion< and modified sale> of Lot 5, Section 7, Township 10, Range 1, Wyoming County, Middlebury. ESTER ANN TYRRELL, made a subsequent payment on this land in 1834, evidently the widow of John. John and David Terrell of Middlebury are probably closely related as David bought Lot 6 in this same section and both David (age 40-50) and John (age 50-60) appear on the same page of the 1830 U. S. Census for Middlebury along with a female (age 50-60) in John's household, probably Ester Ann. See DAVID TERRELL of Middlebury above.

JOHN/JOHN W. TYRRELL, page 153c, dated 16 June 1828 (Reel 506, Inv. No. 0138, LDS #1414985), Lot 43, no Section, Township 14, Range 4, Orleans County, Shelby. Modified sale.> Page 576c, dated 17 March 1834 (Reel 512, Inv. No. 0090, LDS #1414987), same description. Subsequent payment. There is a John Terrill on the 1830 U. S. Census (Ancestry) for Shelby age 20 to 30, and one female age 20 to 30. John was not in Shelby or Orleans on the 1840 census.

NATHAN C. TERRILL, page 194c, dated 13 March 1829 (Reel 507, Inv. No. 0028, LDS #1414986), Lots 8,10,12; Section 5, Township 10, Range 3, Wyoming County, Bennington. Original purchase~. This the same description in an adjacent section for ALAMATH TERRELL above.

Nathan C. Turill appears on the 1830 U. S. Census (Ancestry) in Bennington township, Genesee County, age 30-40 with a male 15 to 20 and two males under 5, one female age 20-30, and one female age 5-10. Next to Nathan C. on the census is Josiah Turill, age 50-60. This appears to be the Nathan Covey7, who was born 26 March 1800 at Cambridge, Franklin County (later Lamoille County), VT; died 19 March 1870 and is buried at Minert Cemetery, Allamakee County, IA (Find a Grave). Nathan C.7 (Josiah5-6, Lewis4, Josiah3, Thomas2, Roger1), was born 5 October 1771 at Bristol, Albany County [later Addison County], VT. He married Elizabeth "Betsy" Lang, in 1822. She is also buried at the Minert Cemetery in Allamakee County, IA (Find A Grave). Nathan Terell, age 40-50, and family are on the 1840 U.S. Census, for Delaware, Mercer County, PA (Ancestry). On the 1850 U. S. Census (Ancestry) for Conneaut, Erie County, PA, we find Nathan C. Terrell, age 50, born in VT, Mill Wright, with Betsy and family. The 1856 Iowa Census, Allamakee County (Ancestry), shows Nathan C.Terrill, age 56, born VT, a Mill Wright, and wife Betsy with children born in New York and Pennsylvania.

On the 1860 U.S. Census, Spring, Crawford County, PA (Ancestry), we find father, Josiah, age 88, born VT, in the household of David C. Terrill, age 32, born in VT. In a sketch written by David C.7 (son of Josiah6 and brother of Nathan C.7) he says of his early life..... I was born in eighteen hundred eight june 8 in the town of Cambridge [VT]. I remember well circumstances that took place when I was five years old in that year my father moved to Jericco [VT] bought a half interest in a grist mill on Onion river in 1812 he moved to [unreadable] and in 1815 he moved to Middlebury village [NY] and in Sept 1816 that cold and dry season he moved to Covington Genesee County NY in 1817 moved to Mount Morris in 1818 moved to Ching Catrgus NY in 1819 moved to Spart then Genese Co in 1819 moved to Mount Morris [spelling and punctuation as in original].l . A history of Jericho, VT tells of a mill there that was owned by Terrill & Knight that burned.m This may be part of the reason that Josiah struck out with his family for points west. It also appears that the occupation of mill wright meant moving around quite a lot as the demand for mills increased as populations grew. Mount Morris was in Genesee County, NY until 1821 when it became a part of Livingston County. It is on the Genesee River and the Genesee Valley Canal runs through the town, a good area for mills. Sparta is in Ontario County, NY which is where we find Josiah Terrill (Ferrill in index) on the 1820 U.S. Census (Ancestry), at over 45 years of age. This loosely agrees with the chronology in David's sketch. Also see ALAMATH TERRELL above.

NOAH TERRIL/TURELL/TIRRELL, page 280b, purchased 6 April 1822 (Reel 500, Inv. No. 0014, LDS #1414985), Lot 4, Section 1, Township 16, Range 1, Orleans County, Carlton. Original transaction~. Page 282c, dated 6 April 1822 (Reel 508, Inv. No. 0054, LDS #1414986), same description, is a reversion< for this land. Pages 271c (Reel 508, Inv. No. 0032, LDS #1414986) and 592c, (Reel 512, Inv. No. 0124, LDS #1414987), are both dated 8 December 1830, and page 547c, dated 5 February 1834 (Reel 512, Inv. No. 0027, LDS #1414987), are all for Lot 3 same description, with reversions< in 1830 and a modified sale> in 1834.

Noah Tyrrel is in Carlton, Orleans County, NY on the 1830 U.S. Census (Ancestry, "Tyreel" in index), age 30-40. On the 1840 U.S. Census Noah Turrell (Ancestry, "Burrell" in index) is still in Carlton, age 40-50. Noah Terrel appears on the 1850 U.S. Census (Ancestry) at Carlton, age 55 years of age, born in Massachusetts. His wife's name is Hannah and she was born in New York. They are buried at Kent Hamlet, Town of Carlton Old Cemetery. Gravestone inscriptions show Noah Turrell b. 1795, d. 12 Feb 1857; and his wife Hannah b. July 1802, d. 11 March 1895. After Noah died, Hannah married for her second husband Everett Gray.n Hannah is the daughter of Thomas Jenks of Palmyra, Wayne County, NY according to a Jenks genealogy,o or the daughter of Stephen and Mary Jinks according to her Gray gravestone record notation for the Hamlet of Kent, Town of Carlton Cemetery. (Ancestry see "Gray").

SWEETING & TIRRELL, page 127b,purchased 4 January 1816 (Reel 493, Inv. No. 0031, LDS #1414984). Lot 34, no Section, Township 15, Range 2, Orleans County. Original transaction~. Page 348b, (Reel 502, Inv. No. 0035, LDS #1414985), same description.^ No way to identify this Tirrell at present. Probably an investment situation.

ZALMON TURRILL (Z. TURRELL, Z. TURRILL, ZALMON TURRIL), , page 61b, dated 5 September 1810 (Reel 488, Inv. No. 0128, LDS #1414984), Lot 5, Section 40, located in the 40,000 Acre Tract**, Livingston County. The transaction is shown as a subsequent payment, no original is listed. Other subsequent payments were made on this lot and section on: page 90b, dated 20 March 1812 (Reel 490, Inv. No. 0059, LDS #1414984); page 102b, dated 4 October 1813, (Reel 491, Inv. No. 0056, LDS #1414984); on page 168b, (Reel 494, Inv. No. 0085, LDS #1414984), in the year 1816 on 29 Jun, 8 Jul and 2 Nov; and page 204b, (Reel 496, Inv. Nos. 0060 and 0061, LDS #1414984), in the year 1818 on 27 March, 16 June, 17 July, 20 July, 27 August and 2 September. Later transactions for Zalmon's 40,000 Acre Tract land on page 34c, dated 24 March 1825 (Reel 503, Inv. No. 0118, LDS #1414985), for Lot 6 was renewed, and on the same date, page 256c (Reel 507, Inv. No. 0186, LDS #1414986), Lot 6 reverted< back to the Company. This Lot 6 land was evidently owned jointly with his son, Hiram, who also reverted< and then modified> his contract. See HIRAM TYRRELL/TERRILL above.

All of these duplicate entries for Zalmon in the 40,000 Acre Tract for the same lot are usually sales for different parts of the lot. Livingston County was created from Genesee and Ontario County, NY in 1821.

Zalmon5 (Capt. George Jr.4, George3, Daniel2, Roger1) was born 14 August 1766 at Newtown, Fairfield, CT. He married first Betty Shepard at Newtown on 17 February 1787, and they separated in Genesee County, NY 17 August 1820. He lived in Genesee County, later Livingston, until about 1821 when he sold his land there and by 1830 was at Crawford County, PA. He married second Cynthia Phelps on 4 April 1829, and they were separated, probably at Spring, Crawford County, PA on 4 July 1837k. Zalmon Terrel is found on the 1830 U.S. Census in Spring, Crawford County, PA (Ancestry), age 60-70. On the 1850 U.S. Census for Madison Township, Lake County, OH (Ancestry),, Zalmon Terrill, age 84, born in CT, is in the William Potter household with his daughter, Nancy, and probably died there 19 February 1852. Zalmon has a gravestone (Find a Grave), with his first wife Betty (Find a Grave), at Maplewood Cemetery, near Union Corners, Pavilion, Genesee County, NY.


~ Original transaction means first purchasers of land. A deed was not issued until the land was paid for in full. Some settlers paid for their land immediately and received a deed, and these are included in original transactions.

* Indicates a page in the second pagination.

# Indicates a page in the third pagination.

a* The first unnumbered page following a numbered page.

b* The second unnumbered page following a numbered page.

^ Original transaction listed again, either renewed or explained as in a division showing to whom and for what land new articles were listed. If the time for purchase was up, it could be renewed for an additional time period but usually at a higher price.

** A sale in the 40,000 Acre Tract, lot numbers are given to help narrow down the area within the Township. What may seem to be duplicate entries are usually separate transactions to different parts of the same lot. The 40,000 acres were located in Livingston County.

> A modified sale that is a renegotiated contact. These renegotiations started in 1827. To adjust the amount owed on an account, settlers were encouraged to renegotiate. There is often a reversion recorded for the same land but not always in the same name.

< A reversion back to the Company and again available. Sometimes the settler never came back to the land or there was no activity on the account within the time allotted. After modified sales began in 1827 there is often a reversion that corresponds with a modified sale.

a About Us, The Holland Land Office Museum

b Western New York Land Transaction 1804-1824, Karen E. Livsey, Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, MD, 1991. (Ancestry)

c Western New York Land Transaction 1825-1835, Karen E. Livsey, Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltilmore, MD, 1996. (Ancestry)

d Genesee County [NY] History, by Betty Thomas.

e History of Wyoming County, NY, Beers and Company, 1880, New York. (Ancestry)

f The American Genealogist, Volume 25, "The Terrill Family of Connecticut," by Donald Lines Jacobus, pp. 37-54.

g History of the towns of New Milford and Bridgewater, Connecticut, 1703-1882, by Samuel Orcutt, Press of Case, Lockwood and Brainard Company, Hartford, CT 1882, page 777; and, The Burnett Genealogy, by Edgar Allen Burnett, Supplementing Burnap-Burnett Genealogy (1925), by Henry Wycokoff Belknap, Lincoln, Nebraska, 1941, page 64. (Ancestry)

h History of Elgin County, by Hugh Jaffre Sims, Vol. III, published by the Elgin County Library, 1988, page 34.

i Historical Wyoming, Vol. III, No. 6, July 1950, Arcade, New York, page 4. (Ancestry)

j Genealogy of the Tirrell Family of Weymouth, Mass., Pub. By Benj. Tirrell 1851, reprinted by Goodspeed's Book Shop, Inc. 1943.

k Ancestors and Descendants of Mary Trumbull-Millins, Malinda A. Campbell and Jerome Terrill of Hudson, Michigan, 1630-1994, A Collection by Their Descendants, Donna Terrill Northius, Editor, 1994, Gateway Press, Baltimore, pp. 82-96.

l Copy in the possession of researcher Dency Terrill.

m The History of Jericho, Vermont, Edited by Chauncey H. Hayden, Luther C. Stevens, La Fayette Wilbur, Rev. S. N. Barnum; Free Press Printing Co., Burlington, VT, 1916; pp. 388-390.

n Record of the Orleans County Pioneer Association: original minutes, 1858 to 1905, Albion, NY, Orleans Chapter DAR, 1939, page 175. (Ancestry)

o Genealogy of the Jenks Family of America, compiled by William B. Browne, pp. 585-586. (Ancestry)